中国应用语言学


  • Editorial

    Jim Banks;

    <正> Once again we have to apologise for the delay in bringing you this edition of Teaching English inChina,we hope that it has been worth the wait.We have received a very large number of articles of an extremely high quality(almost enough for twoissues of TEIC!).We would like to thank all of those who have submitted articles,whether or not ithas been possible to include them.

    1996年01期 5页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 17K]
    [下载次数:20 ] |[阅读次数:35 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • A SEMINAR-DISCUSSION-BASED APPROACH TOWARD LINGUISTICS

    Julia Ponsford;

    <正> IntroductionIn this article,based on the experience of many years of teaching linguistics courses toundergraduates,postgraduates and in-service teacher trainees,we argue that taking a seminar-discussion-based approach is a better way to achieve students' full involvement and understanding.

    1996年01期 7-10页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 93K]
    [下载次数:36 ] |[阅读次数:27 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • HOW TO IMPROVE THE TEACHING OF LISTENING COMPREHENSION

    <正> IntroductionOf the four language skills many people feel that listening is the most difficult.Students can be goodat reading and writing,while their listening levels are elementary.Yet it is very important forlanguage learners to improve their listening comprehension,because it greatly affects communicativeability.Anderson and Lynch pointed out,‘Listening is an essential skill for communication’(1988:60).So although the importance of teaching listing is gradually being recognised,there aremany problems.The teaching methods are dull,which inhibit students' progress.The need to improvethe teaching of listening is a serious problem for teachers.

    1996年01期 11-15页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 91K]
    [下载次数:160 ] |[阅读次数:73 ] |[引用频次:2 ]
  • EFFECTS OF THE LEARNER'S MOTIVATION IN THE CHINESE EDUCATIONAL CONTEXT

    <正> IntroductionIt is generally agreed that motivation is one of the most important factors influencing the learner'ssuccess or failure in learning a language.This article aims at producing background informationabout some aspects of research into motivation as well as implications for English teaching in China.Due to limitations of space,the implications are intended only for those in the field of Englishlanguage teaching for non-majors at tertiary level.

    1996年01期 16-19页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 120K]
    [下载次数:62 ] |[阅读次数:33 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • TO WHAT EXTENT IS IT NECESSARY TO TEACH EXPLICIT RULES OF USAGE TO FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNERS?

    <正> IntroductionNowadays English teachers feel that teaching grammar is a tough problem to solve.Languageteaching is no longer regarded simply as imparting knowledge about the target language,but teachinglearners how to actually use the target language in real-life communication.Developments in modernlinguistic and teaching methodologies have challenged traditional teaching perspectives,however,inChina English teaching is still generally conducted in the traditional way.This is especially so forgrammar teaching.Grammar is so much the main concern in class that it is explained explicitly,andthe language materials and samples are arranged to highlight it.English is taught by giving studentsdetailed explanations of the grammatical points in isolation.Teachers make a careful analysis of thetexts to make sure that students have understood every single word of the text they are learning.Somepeople might think that these students should learn English very well,because they are learningEnglish so systematically,but this is not the case at all.

    1996年01期 20-27页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 212K]
    [下载次数:46 ] |[阅读次数:57 ] |[引用频次:1 ]
  • LEARNING STYLES OF CHINESE STUDENTS AND THE IMPLICATIONS FOR TEACHING

    Mari Warner;

    <正> IntroductionLearning style is an important way of providing information on how to make teaching moreinteresting and effective.If,as teachers,we claim to pursue the best,most efficient ways of teaching,shouldn't we also try to understand more about how people learn best?Inspired by Nunan'sUnderstanding Language Classrooms,and spurred on by genuine curiosity we set about a small-scalesurvey on learning preferences.As an experiment,we adapted Willing's questionnaire‘How do youlike to learn best?’(Willing,in Nunan,1989).See Table 3.

    1996年01期 28-33页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 141K]
    [下载次数:114 ] |[阅读次数:53 ] |[引用频次:4 ]
  • THE VALUE OF ROLE PLAY

    <正> IntroductionIn China,the English as a foreign language (EFL) class for non-English majors at college levelprovides little opportunity for oral interaction among students.One solution to this problem is toadopt a series of communicative teaching techniques.Role play is one such technique.This paperattempts to assess the value of role play by analysing our experience of using it as a communicationactivity.

    1996年01期 34-38页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 90K]
    [下载次数:321 ] |[阅读次数:27 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • THE STUDENT-CENTRED CLASS

    <正> IntroductionIn recent years,many theories have been put forward on second language teaching,and the focus ofattention has shifted from the teacher,who has tended to be the centre of the classroom,to thelearners,whose role is‘to react to the stimuli and instructions’(Littlewood,1990:1)provided by theteacher.Theoretical and practical research have resulted in a new methodology-the student-centredclass.

    1996年01期 39-41页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 61K]
    [下载次数:55 ] |[阅读次数:30 ] |[引用频次:1 ]
  • IMPROVING VOCABULARY TEACHING IN INTENSIVE READING

    <正> IntroductionIn China,intensive reading is the main method for teaching English.One feature of the textbooks isthat they all have large quantities of new words in each text,so vocabulary is one of the mostimportant aspects of this course.Recently,I conducted a survey among students who entered thePetroleum University in Shandong.To the question‘What is the greatest problem in your Englishstudies?’,82 out of the t00 students answered-vocabulary.This,to some extent,suggests that ourapproaches to vocabulary teaching should be improved.This article explores more effective ways toteach vocabulary.It suggests the idea of classifying and grouping vocabulary items and how to teachthem differently.A series of task-based activities are recommended to present and review vocabulary.

    1996年01期 42-45页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 73K]
    [下载次数:111 ] |[阅读次数:38 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • LANGUAGE TEACHING MATERIAL-MAKING AND AWARENESS-RAISING

    <正> Description of the ContextThe following‘task-as-workplan’is designed for a group of 24 returned district college teachers inCentral China Normal University.The trainees have demonstrated a fairly high educational andlinguistic background,yet still wish to bridge the gap in their knowledge and learn new EFL teachingapproaches through the present one-year Sino-British further training programme.They have alsorealised that their traditional teaching and learning experience hinders their students' development ofcommunicative competence.Thus,they also wish to improve their own linguistic and communicativecompetence so as to become more competent EFL users and more qualified ELT teachers.

    1996年01期 46-52页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 140K]
    [下载次数:33 ] |[阅读次数:48 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • EXPLOITING A READING TEXT FOR INTEGRATED SKILLS ACTIVITIES

    <正> Introduction‘Integrated skills is when the main language skills are practised in conjunction with each other.(Willis,1981)In EFL teaching in China,most teachers believe that skills should be practised in isolation in theclassroom.That is,in a reading lesson,special attention is paid only to reading.Lessons generallyfollow the same pattern going through the new words;reading the text aloud paragraph by paragraph;explaining difficult points(especially the grammatical items);asking comprehension questions;andfinally doing the exercises after the text.In such a reading lesson,even the reading skill itself is notpractised,let alone other skills.What is more,both teacher and students find this kind of teachingdull and de-motivating.

    1996年01期 53-55页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 62K]
    [下载次数:44 ] |[阅读次数:46 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • TEACHING WRITING AS DISCOURSE

    <正> IntroductionWith the development of cultural and commercial interchange between China and western countries,the Chinese need considerably improved ability in all aspects of the English language.In addition toreading,translating,speaking and listening,increasing importance is being placed on writing.Unfortunately,however,neither the textbooks nor the achievement tests currently used reflect thisincreased importance.

    1996年01期 56-62页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 115K]
    [下载次数:46 ] |[阅读次数:45 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • INCREASING LEARNERS' CULTURAL AWARENESS

    <正> IntroductionCommunicative competence is now widely recognised as the goal of language teaching.A studentcannot obtain this competence in the target language without knowledge of the target culture sincelanguage and culture are closely interrelated.From this,it follows that EFL teaching involvesteaching of two languages and two cultures,in our case,English and Chinese.Then what is culture?Culture is‘the customs,beliefs,and music,and all the other products of human thought made by aparticular group of people at a particular time.’(Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English,1990:251)

    1996年01期 63-65页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 69K]
    [下载次数:71 ] |[阅读次数:28 ] |[引用频次:2 ]
  • ARE GAMES POSSIBLE IN THE COLLEGE ENGLISH TEACHING CLASSROOM?

    <正> IntroductionLanguage games are considered one of the most valuable and effective techniques in EnglishLanguage Teaching(ELT)and have been used for a long time by many western teachers.However,they are little used in China,especially in College English Teaching(CET) classrooms.Most teachersand students think games are a waste of time or just a fun activity for children.In this article,thevalue of using games in Chinese CET classrooms is discussed.

    1996年01期 66-68页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 59K]
    [下载次数:121 ] |[阅读次数:47 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • ACTION RESEARCH IN TEACHER EDUCATION

    <正> IntroductionHistorically there has been a division between the classroom teacher who‘does practice’and theeducational researcher who‘establishes theories’.Similarly in teacher education programmes,thefocus has largely been on the transmission of research-based theories and skills from trainer totrainee.Teaching practice is usually listed as a separate component to be accomplished,often at theend of a period of training,and the limited time available for it can rarely provide realisticopportunities for trainees to put theory into practice.When our trainees return to their institutions theexcitement of the exposure to various theories and techniques are soon gone,to be replaced by thereality of classroom life.Many former trainees rapidly find themselves overburdened with teachingresponsibilities,and the constraints of their particular teaching situations can make it very difficult toapply theories they have learned during training directly into practice.

    1996年01期 69-71页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 74K]
    [下载次数:91 ] |[阅读次数:45 ] |[引用频次:1 ]
  • FINAL REPORT FOR ACTION RESEARCH

    <正> IntroductionAction research is a form of research undertaken by teachers in the classroom.It follows basically aspiral of research steps:1.identifying a problem2.making a hypothesis3.deciding on a solution4.implementing the solution5.collection data6.reflecting on and analysing the effects7.identifying a new problem-and the research continues like a spiral.

    1996年01期 72-76页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 112K]
    [下载次数:38 ] |[阅读次数:48 ] |[引用频次:1 ]
  • THE USE OF THE RELATIVE PRONOUN THAT AND ITS OMISSION IN RELATIVE CLAUSES IN ENGLISH:PROBLEMS FOR CHINESE-SPEAKING ENGLISH LEARNERS AND A POSSIBLE SOLUTION

    <正> IntroductionThis paper aims to explore the use of that and its omission in relative clauses in English for thepurpose of language teaching in a Chinese foreign language learning (FLL) situation.The use oromission of that is one of the most difficult areas for Chinese English learners.This paper explores,and discusses the problems of Chinese students towards this language element by studying examplesmade by Chinese students.For the purpose of language teaching,a pedagogical description of the useand omission of that is given.A solution is proposed within which various exercises types arepresented and discussed.

    1996年01期 77-83页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 124K]
    [下载次数:104 ] |[阅读次数:79 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • HOW CORRECTION CAN MOTIVATE LEARNING

    <正> IntroductionMistakes and their correction generally follow one another in the language classroom.Most teachersthink that correction is a necessary part of teaching;while most students agree that making mistakesis a necessary part of learning.Although both teachers and students maintain that correction andmistakes are necessary,we often find that some correction helps students' learning and some does not.Correction can make students lose confidence and interest in learning.In order to try and find outmore about why this happens I surveyed students attitudes towards mistakes and correction.

    1996年01期 84-88页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 108K]
    [下载次数:36 ] |[阅读次数:31 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • BRITISH STUDIES IN CHINA:AN INTRODUCTION TO THE NEW TEXTBOOK ON CONTEMPORARY BRITAIN DEVELOPED AT GUANGDONG FOREIGN STUDIES UNIVERSITY

    HazelMedd;J.Fearon-Jones;

    <正> IntroductionIn this article we briefly describe the background of British Studies projects in China,then how atextbook was developed and finally we give a brief introduction to a useful methodology to adoptwhen using the textbook.BackgroundFirst PhaseIn Autunm 1989 an MA programme was set up by the British Council (BC) The Cultural andEducation of(The British Embassy,and the Chinese State Education Commission (SEdC).Theprogramme began at three of the country's leading foreign language universities,in Beijing,Shanghaiand Guangzhou.

    1996年01期 89-93页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 109K]
    [下载次数:32 ] |[阅读次数:53 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • STUDENTS' PROCESSING OF AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS FEEDBACK ON THEIR WRITTEN WORK

    Joan Fleming ;

    <正> IntroductionThe aim of our Pre-Service Senior Middle School Teacher Training (PRESET SMSTT) project,whichis now in its second year,is to introduce more communicative teaching methodology and materialsinto the first and second year undergraduate English major programme at Normal Universities.

    1996年01期 94-102页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 193K]
    [下载次数:63 ] |[阅读次数:28 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • MANAGING CONFLICT IN ATTC PROJECTS

    Hamish McIlwraith;

    <正> IntroductionFrom time to time in joint Sino-British ELT Projects there is conflict.This is not unusual.Conflict isinevitable in all areas of life no matter how you try to avoid it.Often it is tempting to try and ignoreconflict in the hope that it will go away.However,the practical way of approaching the problem ofconflict in general and Advanced Teacher Training Course (ATTC) Projects in particular is to thinkof it as a positive opportunity for beneficial change;even though conflict is an opposition of interestsit is not necessarily synonymous with hostility.It only manifests itself as hostility when both sideschoose opposing positions and are unwilling to negotiate from them.Such hostility is often the resultof a personality clash.In this paper I will focus on identifying some of the cultural causes of intra-project,non-academic,administrative and managerial disputes in ATTC Projects and consider howsuch disagreements can be prevented through simple and effective negotiation.

    1996年01期 103-107页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 123K]
    [下载次数:31 ] |[阅读次数:38 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • IMPROVING THE TEACHING OF STUDENTS IN A PHYSICAL EDUCATION DEPARTMENT IN CHINA

    <正> IntroductionIt is generally believed that as a result of their future professions,non-English majors in normaluniversities are less motivated than those in other universities to learn English,let alone sports majorsin a teachers' university.Since graduation,I have been teaching students in the Physical EducationDepartment of Northwest Normal University,and I have found that they are different from students inother departments in many respects.Thus,there are special problems in teaching them.However,Ihave tried different ways to overcome their problems while actively involving students in learningEnglish,and present these below.

    1996年01期 108-112页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 109K]
    [下载次数:25 ] |[阅读次数:44 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • SIGNIFICANCE OF LANGUAGE LEARNER'S ERRORS TO THE TEACHER

    <正> IntroductionThe attitudes towards foreign learners' errors have changed remarkably from the 1960s to recentyears.In the eyes of behaviourists in the 1960s,errors were considered terrible.Teachers tried tostructure the classroom situation so as to make it ideally impossible for students to make errors.Sincethe evolution of Chomsky's theory and modernism,teachers have begun to believe thatcommunication in the language is more important than a sterile perfection of form.and therefore,they have become more tolerant of students' errors.Making errors has been recognised more andmore as inevitable and as an essential part of language learning.

    1996年01期 113-115页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 77K]
    [下载次数:185 ] |[阅读次数:39 ] |[引用频次:2 ]
  • USING GAMES TO IMPROVE STUDENTS' COMMUNICATIVE ABILITY

    <正> IntroductionIn recent years,more and more objections have been raised against the traditional English teachingmethod in China and English teachers have begun to try out a more communicative methodology.Inthis article,I intend to point out the disadvantages of the traditional teaching method and introduceone way to teach students effectively-using games in the English class,which is one useful techniqueof the communicative method.I propose to talk about the importance of using games and list eighttypes of games to practise students' speaking and listening.Finally,I will put forward someconsideration on using games and state the success of using games based on a questionnaire given tothe students I have taught.

    1996年01期 116-119页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 94K]
    [下载次数:174 ] |[阅读次数:30 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • THE VALUE OF FEATURE FILMS IN LANGUAGE TEACHING AND LEARNING

    <正> IntroductionDuring the last two decades there have been remarkable developments in English language teachingin China.With an ever-increasing emphasis being put on the communicative competence of thelearners,various methods and techniques have been tried to improve the students' ability tocommunicate in English.This article looks at the value of using Western feature films to helpstudents develop this communicative competence.

    1996年01期 120-124页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 88K]
    [下载次数:91 ] |[阅读次数:30 ] |[引用频次:1 ]
  • SOME PRACTICAL IDEAS ON LEAD-IN

    <正> IntroductionLead-in means to introduce students gently to topics they are going to deal with,settle them down atthe beginning of a lesson and generally prepare them for the topic.Using lead-ins in language teaching is not a new idea.Some of the more recent textbooks,notably‘Step by Step’,and other teachers' books,have warming-up exercises and cultural backgroundinformation which teachers can use as lead-in.However,for many years,because of a lack of suitabletraining in teaching methodology,many English teachers tended to neglect lead-in,the first step inpresenting a text, and went directly into the text itself.The students were confronted with somethingthey knew nothing about,and had no particular desire to know about.They were expected to adjustthemselves to the teaching context.

    1996年01期 125-128页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 78K]
    [下载次数:134 ] |[阅读次数:61 ] |[引用频次:1 ]
  • USING COMMUNICATIVE METHODOLOGY WITH SCIENCE MAJORS IN THE LISTENING CLASS

    <正> Introduction‘Tell me and I forget;teach me and I remember;involve me and I learn.’In English languageteaching in China,intensive reading has always been considered one of the most importantcomponents of the curriculum.Students busily memorise new vocabulary and grammar in and out ofclass.They seldom have the opportunity to use what they have learned:to speak the target language inreal life or to listen to native speakers.Consequently,the students' listening and speaking abilityremains weak and they have little confidence in their communicative competence.This appliesparticularly to science majors.They think English is only a tool for them to read articles or referencebooks related to their own research field.The skills they most need are reading and translating.Because of the lack of listening and speaking practice,they cannot understand spoken English and atthe same time fail to express themselves in English.

    1996年01期 129-132页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 73K]
    [下载次数:35 ] |[阅读次数:49 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • ARTICLE ON IATEFL

    Madelaine du Vivier ;

    <正> IATEFL,the International Association of Teachers in English as a Foreign Language,is anorgamsation for all professionals involved in English Language teaching.It has been in existencesince 1968 and has grown from a small organisation based in the UK to the large one it is today withover 8,000 members worldwide.Why has it lasted and grown?

    1996年01期 133-134页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 25K]
    [下载次数:16 ] |[阅读次数:43 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • JOURNAL OF PRACTICE IN EDUCATION FOR DEVELOPMENT(Vol.1,No.1)

    Trevor Grimshaw ;

    <正> Recently,with university departments putting pressure on academics to‘publish or perish’,there hasbeen a glut of academic articles.This in turn has resulted in a number of new journals catering forever more specific interest groups.One of the most recent to emerge is the Journal of Practice inEducation for Development,published by the University of Manchester:School of Education

    1996年01期 137-139页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 59K]
    [下载次数:30 ] |[阅读次数:27 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • ARTICLES RECEIVED

    <正> The following articles have been submitted for possible publication in TEIC.For reasons of space orpriority they have not been able to be included.If you are interested in further information about anarticle please contact the author directly at the address given below (if address given).

    1996年01期 140-142页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 31K]
    [下载次数:16 ] |[阅读次数:30 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
  • GUIDE FOR CONTRIBUTORS

    <正> Teaching English in China(TEIC) is an annual journal aimed at all those who are professionallyinvolved or interested in the field of teaching English as a foreign language in China.The readershipincludes those who teach at junior and senior middle schools and in colleges and universities acrossthe countryThus TEIC is concerned with all the factors that influences the development of ELT in China,whether these be practical issues or theoretical issues that are relevant to it.

    1996年01期 143-144页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 41K]
    [下载次数:17 ] |[阅读次数:8 ] |[引用频次:0 ]
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